Corrosion Fatigue Crack Propagation Behavior of 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel in Aqueous Medium
Key words: duplex stainless steel ; deionized water ; 3.5%NaCl solution ; corrosion fatigue ; crack growth
Due to the diversity of material-environment systems and the interaction of environment and cyclic loads, the corrosive fatigue behavior of metallic materials is very complicated. In the complex environment of the marine and nuclear power industry, corrosion fatigue of equipment materials is one of the major failure modes [1,2,3]. In corrosion fatigue, the crack propagation life accounts for 90% of the total fatigue life of corrosion . Studying the fatigue crack propagation behavior of metallic materials in aqueous solution is of great significance for its safe use. 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel (DSS) has gained more and more applications in shipbuilding and transportation due to its excellent corrosion resistance, high strength and economical practicality . At present, research on duplex stainless steels mainly focuses on the corrosion resistance [6,7], heat treatment process and heat treatment on the corrosion performance [8,9,10,11,12,13] and its weldability, weld performance The study [14,15,16,17] and so on, the study of corrosion fatigue behavior of duplex stainless steel is still rare . In this paper, the 2205 DSS specimens were subjected to fatigue crack growth experiments in air, deionized water and 3.5% (mass fraction) NaCl solution environments. The influence of the media environment on the fatigue crack propagation behavior and the fracture mechanism were studied.
3 Analysis and Discussion
Hydrogen-induced cracking is the main reason for the weakening of duplex stainless steel materials in aqueous media [19,20,21]. The fatigue crack propagation of 2205DSS materials in aqueous solution is mainly related to the hydrogen embrittlement of the ferrite phase . In aqueous solution, the cyclic load causes the passivation film on the surface of the sample to crack, and the bare metal can act as a dissolution reaction at the anode. The crack wall can be used as a cathode for hydrogen evolution reaction. The electrochemical reaction is shown in (1)~(3). When the adsorbed hydrogen Hads diffused to the crack tip reaches a critical concentration, the crack tip metal cracks while leaving Fe-containing oxide on the crack surface. This process is repeated and fatigue cracks expand forward.
Anode reaction M→Mz++ze−M→Mz++ze-(1)
Hydrolysis reaction Mz++pH2O→M(OH)z−pp+pH+Mz++pH2O→M(OH)pz-p+pH+(2)
Cathodic reaction H++e−→HadsH++e-→Hads Hads+Hads→H2Hads+Hads→H2(3)
Among them, M represents the major element of the stainless steel matrix Fe, Cr or Ni.
The difference in crack propagation ability between 2205 DSS materials in two aqueous solutions is related to the driving force for crack propagation. The two phases of the duplex stainless steel have inconsistent deformation capabilities and are liable to cause local stress concentration at the phase boundary, generate defects and develop into small secondary cracks, resulting in an increase in the effective crack length, as shown in FIG. 5 . If the crack growth driving force Es is expressed as:
Among them, ED is the total energy required for crack propagation, the initial length of the main crack is L0, and the crack length caused by the secondary crack increases to ΔL. Compared with the deionized water, the Cl-containing medium has stronger corrosion effect, and it is easy to induce a large number of defects and form more secondary cracks at the front end of the main crack, so that the effective crack length is longer and the driving force for crack propagation is smaller. The fatigue crack growth driving force of the 2205DSS material in 3.5% NaCl solution is lower than that in the deionized water medium, and the expansion speed is slower, which is consistent with the data obtained by the Paris formula.
The difference in media environment caused the fracture mechanism of the 2205 DSS specimen to change. In the 3.5% NaCl solution, Cl- induced more defects in the front of the main crack, resulting in secondary cracks, resulting in a number of small tearing edges; whereas in deionized water, only the leading end of the main crack formed a coarse in the destabilization zone. Ridge-like torn edges.
Aqueous solution environment significantly improved the fatigue crack growth rate of 2205 DSS, and reduced its fatigue life. The order of fatigue crack propagation rate was: (da/dN)deionized water>(da/dN)NaCl>(da/dN)atmosphere, fatigue crack growth life sequence For: Natmosphere>NNaCl>Ndeionized water. The two phases have uncoordinated deformability and are prone to stress concentration at the phase boundary, resulting in secondary small cracks and increasing the effective crack length. Compared with deionized water, Cl-has stronger corrosion effect, and can induce more defects and develop secondary cracks at the front of the main crack, so that the effective crack length is longer and the driving force for crack propagation is smaller.
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Source: Network Arrangement – China Pipe Fittings Manufacturer – Yaang Pipe Industry (www.metallicsteel.com)
(Yaang Pipe Industry is a leading manufacturer and supplier of nickel alloy and stainless steel products, including Super Duplex Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Flanges, Stainless Steel Pipe Fittings, Stainless Steel Pipe. Yaang products are widely used in Shipbuilding, Nuclear power, Marine engineering, Petroleum, Chemical, Mining, Sewage treatment, Natural gas and Pressure vessels and other industries.)
If you want to have more information about the article or you want to share your opinion with us, contact us at email@example.com
Please notice that you might be interested in the other technical articles we’ve published:
 Wanhill R J, De Luccia J J, Russo M T. The fatigue in aircraft corrosion testing (FACT) programme [R].AD-A208-359, 1989
 (蒋祖国. 飞机结构腐蚀疲劳 [M]. 北京: 航空工业出版社, 1992)
Jiang Z G.Aircraft Structure Corrosion Fatigue [M]. Beijing: National Defense Industry Press, 1992
 Balitskii A I.Corrosion fatigue of high strength steel in chloride solution [A]. Proceedings of 7th International Fatigue Congress[C]. Beijing: FATIGUE’99, 1999, 4: 2359
 Duquette D J.Environmental effect (I) general fatigue resistance and crack nucleation in metals and alloys [A]. In fatigue and microstructure(ASM)[C]. ASM, 1978: 335
 (张豪, 董飞, 陈继志. 双相不锈钢研究进展[J]. 材料开发与应用, 2008, 23(2): 57)
Zhang H, Dong F, Chen J Z.Research progress on duples stainless steel[J]. Dev. Appl. Mater., 2008, 23(2): 57
 (尹志福, 朱世东, 南蓓蓓等. 2205双相不锈钢在CO2-H2S-Cl–H2O环境中的电化学腐蚀行为[J]. 材料保护, 2016, 49(3): 23)
Yin Z F, Zhu S D, Nan B B, et al.Electrochemical corrosion behavior of 2205 duplex stainless steel in CO2-H2S-Cl–H2O environment[J]. Mater. Prot., 2016, 49(3): 23
 (徐菊良, 邓博, 孙涛等. DL-EPR法评价2205双相不锈钢晶间腐蚀敏感性[J]. 金属学报, 2010, 46: 380)
Xu J L, Deng B, Sun T, et al.Evaluation of the susceptibility to intergranular attack of 2205 duplex stainless steel by DL-EPR method[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2010, 46: 380
 (龚敏, 冯敏, 张豫等. 固溶处理对2205双相不锈钢在卤水中点蚀的影响[J]. 材料热处理学报, 2011, 32(7): 96)
Gong M, Feng M, Zhang Y, et al.Pitting corrosion behavior of solution-treated 2205 duplex stainless steel in brine[J]. Trans. Mater. Heat Treat., 2011, 32(7): 96
 (韩冬, 蒋益明, 邓博等. 时效时间对2101双相不锈钢电化学腐蚀行为的影响[J]. 金属学报, 2009, 45: 919)
Han D, Jiang Y M, Deng B, et al.Effect of aging time on electrochemical corrosion behavior of 2101 duplex stainless steel[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2009, 45: 919
 (赵晖, 徐玲. 热处理对双相不锈钢的组织和腐蚀性能的影响[J]. 腐蚀科学与防护技术, 2009, 21: 288)
Zhao H, Xu L.Effect of heat treatment on Microstructure and corrosion resistance of a duplex stainless steel 0Cr25Ni6Mo3CuN[J]. Corros. Sci. Prot. Technol., 2009, 21: 288
 (路新春, 李诗卓, 张天成等. 固溶处理温度对双相不锈钢在硫酸介质中腐蚀磨损行为的影响[J]. 金属学报, 1994, 30: B159)
Lu X C, Li S Z, Zhang T C, et al.Effect of solution annealing temperature on corrosive wear behaviour of duplex stainless steel in sulphuric acid medium[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 1994, 30: B159
 (陈雷, 王龙妹, 杜晓建等. 2205双相不锈钢的高温变形行为[J]. 金属学报, 2010, 46: 52)
Chen L, Wang L M, Du X J, et al.Hot deformation behavior of 2205 duplex stainless steel[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2010, 46: 52
 (梁田, 康秀红, 胡小强等. 核电叶轮用双相不锈钢热处理工艺研究[J]. 金属学报, 2011, 47: 921)
Liang T, Kang X H, Hu X Q, et al.Investigation on heat treatment of a duplex stainless steel for nuclear power plant impeller[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 2011, 47: 921
 (邢丽, 柯黎明. 铁素体-奥氏体双相不锈钢焊缝金属的氢致断裂[J]. 金属学报, 1997, 33: 297)
Xing L, Ke L M.Hydrogen induced fracture in weld metal of ferrite-austenite duplex stainless steel[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 1997, 33: 297
 Ajith P M, Sathiya P, Aravindan S.C haracterization of microstructure, toughness, and chemical composition of friction-welded joints of UNS S32205 duplex stainless steel[J]. Friction, 2014, 2: 82
 Sieurin H, Sandström R.Austenite reformation in the heat-affected zone of duplex stainless steel 2205[J]. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2006, A418: 250
 Badji R, Bouabdallah M, Bacroix B, et al.Phase transformation and mechanical behavior in annealed 2205 duplex stainless steel welds[J]. Mater. Character., 2008, 59: 447
 Lo I H, Tsai W T.Effect of selective dissolution on fatigue crack initiation in 2205 duplex stainless steel[J]. Corros. Sci., 2007, 49: 1847
 Krishnan K N.Mechanism of corrosion fatigue in super duplex stainless steel in 3.5 percent NaCl solution[J]. Int. J. Fract., 1997, 88: 205
 (何建宏, 唐祥云, 陈南平. 晶粒大小对双相不锈钢的强度和氢致开裂的影响[J]. 金属学报, 1990, 26(4): 27)
He J H, Tang X Y, Chen N P.Influence of grain size on strength and hydrogen induced cracking of duplex stainless steels[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 1990, 26(4): 27
Magsci [JCR: 0.584][CJCR: 0.835]
 (何建宏, 唐祥云, 陈南平. 铁素体—奥氏体双相不锈钢的氢致开裂研究[J]. 金属学报, 1989, 25(1): 37)
He J H, Tang X Y, Chen N P.Hydrogen induced cracking in a ferrite-austenite duplex stainless steel[J]. Acta Metall. Sin., 1989, 25(1): 37
Magsci [JCR: 0.584][CJCR: 0.835]
 (曾传铭, 罗亦旋, 蔡文达. 双相不锈钢在水溶液中之腐蚀疲劳与动态应变时效[J]. 电化学, 2003, 9: 265)
Zeng C M, Luo Y X, Cai W D.Corrosion fatigue and dynamic strain aging of duplex stainless steel in aqueous solution[J]. J Electrochem., 2003, 9: 265